Collagen and retinol seem to be added to just about every skincare product nowadays. It leaves many of us wondering what each exactly is, what the difference is between both, which is better, what age you should start using them and do you need to be using collagen, retinol or both daily?
While your best friend may have read an article about it in Cosmopolitan, do you really want to take her word for it? She was also the one who read “You can get drunk off of a vodka tampon,” and that didn’t turn out well for anyone involved, now did it? Don’t be a dummy and keep on reading to get all the answers to your FAQ, answered by an esthetician, and see why you should be incorporating them into your skincare routine now!
What Is Retinol?
Retinol is the purest form of Vitamin A that helps stimulate the production of new skin cells.
What does retinol do in skincare products?
Besides helping produce collagen it minimizes fine lines, wrinkles and diminishes hyperpigmentation, blackheads, and dark spots. Overall, it helps make skin look tighter, even-toned and younger. It can also be used to reduce the appearance of acne.
Additionally, it helps slow down the aging process. Up until about age 30 your skin sheds, sort of like a snake, and reproduces cells every 28 days. This shedding and reproduction process is what keeps young skin, looking well, young. After your mid-thirties, your cells start to reproduce in a cycle of 50-70 days, which is a significant slowdown. This slowdown is what makes skin appear older. Your skin will become dry, dull and more worn down in overall appearance.
What Is Collagen?
Collagen is produced naturally by the human body and is responsible for keeping skin looking plump. We start to lose the production of collagen in our early 20’s, the very first sign appearing as soon as 25!
What does collagen in skincare products do?
Collagen penetrates the top few layers of the skin which provides a temporary fix to skins signs of aging.
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Retinol Strength vs. Collagen Strength
There is no doubt about it that retinol is significantly stronger than collagen. This is because retinol penetrates down deep into your skin, tricking your body into thinking its younger than it is. Once the retinol is penetrated, your skin can turnover cells faster again, which helps it appear more youthful and smoother.
Collagen only has the ability to penetrate the top few layers of your skin, providing temporary relief to a more severe issue; which is also an inevitable one known to all as aging.
Not All Retinols Are The Same
There are different types of retinol and each of them is different from the other in terms of strength. Retinol is just one variation of a retinoid (Vitamin A) product. Ideally, you will want to visit a dermatologist so you can be prescribed the correct retinol for your skin type, wants and needs.
If you were to look at the ladder of retinoids from weakest to strongest it would appear as follows.
- Retinyl palmitate – weakest of the retinoids
- Retinol – most tolerable typically found in most over the counter products
- Retinaldehyde – a bit stronger
- Adapalene – strongest over the counter retinoid additive
- Tretinoin – Strong, in dermatologist prescribed products
- Tazarotene – Second most suggested by a dermatologist
When in doubt start with the weakest and work your way up to the strongest.
Are there different types of collagen?
Yes, but not pertaining to skin appearance. Collagen comes in types 1, 2 and 3. Type 1 deals with the appearance of the skin, type 2 deals with protein in cartilage and connective tissue and type 3 deals with collagen found in intestines, muscles, blood vessels, and the uterus.
Applying Retinol + Collagen
Retinol is going to come in cream or lotion form. Collagen can come in a few different types and can be ingested, injected, or applied topically. There is NO scientific evidence supporting the benefits of collagen when applied topically, but there is scientific evidence that shows positive results when it is ingested or injected.
When should you start using anti-aging products like retinol & collagen?
Way sooner than you probably think! Using anti-aging products in your early 20’s is going to be more beneficial and useful then if you wait till your 30’s. The earlier you introduce these products, the less damage there will be done to your skin; it’s better to be proactive than reactive when it comes to your skincare regime.
Your skin is still developing and changing before your 20, so you don’t need to use them any sooner. However, teens can use retinol as a spot treatment to help control and diminish the appearance of acne.
Always apply collagen and retinol to freshly washed, bare skin and never try to layer either of them on top of one another or over other face products. These both are considered a base product and can be layered with products on top of it once it is applied to the face, but not vice versa. Layering them over other products is going to block them from penetrating the skin, thus making them useless.
Something to keep in mind: Your skin will go through an adjustment period when using retinol. If you want the adjustment period to be less noticable then start with the weakest form of retinol and work your way up. If you start to have an adverse reaction it is a sign your body can’t handle that strength and it is suggested you go back down to the previous retinoid level.
It is also essential to apply it just once the first week. Don’t come in with your guns blazing trying to apply it twice a day every day or you’re going to irritate and damage your skin. You must learn to walk before you can run!
Use both continually and religiously, or your skin is going to go right back to where you started. Pair it with a beauty roller to really get the product deep down in your skin!
Incorporating Retinol Into Your Skincare Routine
There are a few do’s and don’ts when starting to incorporate retinol into your daily skincare routine.
Since retinol is a bit harsh on your skin, it is suggested you start off using a pea-sized amount just once the first week, two times the second week, three times the third week and so on and so forth. Once you have fully integrated retinol into your skincare routine it is suggested you use it every other day, FOR-EV-ER.
It is also essential to use a moisturizer about 20-30 minutes after you apply retinol to keep your skin fully moisturized; preventing dry skin and fugly flakes.
Incorporating Collagen Into Your Skincare Routine
Since collagen isn’t as harsh there aren’t too many do’s and don’ts.
If you have very sensitive skin you might want to stick with adding collagen to your skincare routine vs adding a retinoid. Collagen products will give you results without diving too deep into the chemistry and makeup of your skin.
Either product can come as a stand-alone topical serum, cream or lotion or they might be added into other beauty products like toner or moisturizer.
Which one is better to use: Retinol or Collagen?
This is going to be 100% situational to each person and their needs.
Use Collagen if:
- You want an overnight result
- Have sensitive skin or break out from retinol products
- Want a less harsh option
- Want to have quick plump and even skin
- You want added benefits of strengthening hair and nails and help overall gut health
Use Retinol if:
- You want to fix your skin problems long term, not just cover them up
- You have deep wrinkles you want to eliminate
- You want to shrink pores, brighten dark spots and plump your face by deeply resurfacing your skin
- You want to transform your complexion over time and soften all your features
- You want to fight acne and inflammation
Remember: because retinol boosts collagen production, it doesn’t ever make sense to use them both together. Using retinol will give you better results than using just collagen products alone. Because retinol is the product that brings collagen back to life using retinol is always going to be more powerful and more beneficial to your skin. If you want to go for the big guns right away, then pick retinol, and you essentially are using both in one.
The only time it makes sense to use them together is if you want to first use collagen to make your skin look great for an event coming up and then switch to retinol after to fix the real underlying issues. But don’t ever apply both products to your face at once or on top of each other or you are just throwing your money down the drain. It would be like adding cream to your coffee twice; adding it once gives you the taste you want and adding it twice is overkill.
If you are stubborn and really want to use both to cover all bases then you should use collagen in an ingestible form, the most popular being a drinkable powder. And then use a retinol product in the form of a topical serum or lotion.
Now that you know the difference between both let’s take a look at the top-rated products you should be using!
A few of these I have personally tried and tested myself, and a few others have top rated 5-star reviews!
It contains 2.5% active Retinol but it also has Hyaluronic Acid, Vitamin E, and Green Tea. All of these are ingredients are crucial for the look of young skin!
I have sensitive skin so I loved that this is free of fragrances, dyes, and parabens. It is 1.7 fl oz and it comes in a pump type of container. You just press it down and the perfect pea-size amount of product comes out! It eliminates all thinking necessary and helps save you product so you don’t waste any.
You can use this morning and night!
This product is mixed in with a moisturizer so you don’t have to worry about putting a second product on after you apply this.
Additional ingredients found in this are green tea, organic jojoba oil, & aloe! It is cruelty-free and Leaping Bunny certified.
A serum is more concentrated and will work a bit better than retinol mixed in with a moisturizer.
It is made in the USA and is FDA registered.
Each bottle is 1 fl oz and has 2.5% of retinol, vitamin E and hyaluronic acid. The serum comes out in a dropper type of bottle and a little bit goes a long way! Once or two drops will be good to cover your whole face and neck area!
Can be applied morning and night to the face and neck area.
Women say that this product is the reason they no longer wear foundation becuase it plumps the skin and evens skin tone so much that foundation isn’t required anymore.
Imagine getting out of bed and just going out and about for the day! No more foundation, no more blending, and smoothing, it’s every girl’s dream.
This is a perfect in-between product that works as both retinol and a collagen product by using ingredients like amino acids and coconut oil to help stimulate collagen production without using retinol as the main ingredient to do so!
This product is vegan and contains no chemicals, fillers, dyes or hormones. Comes in a 1.7 fl oz bottle and contains moisturizing properties in it.
This collagen serum is vegan and contains more vitamin C than 55 Florida oranges and comes in 1 fl oz!
They made this formula to contain smaller molecules than other collagen serums so it can penetrate deeper into your skin.
You will want to use a moisturizer after this product!